How to use the Future Perfect in English? (I will have played)
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The Future Perfect (or simple Future Perfect) is usually used to talk about actions that will be completed before a given time, event or other future action.
- He will have finished school before 5pm.
- The party will already have finished by the time we get there.
- Tomorrow morning she will have left.
Sujet + WILL HAVE + Verb (past participle)
|I / you / he / she / it / we / you / they_||I will have played_||_I will not (= I won’t) have played_||_Will I have played ?_|
- (+) He will have finished work by 5pm.
- (-) He will not have (= won’t have) finished work by 5pm.
- (?) Will he have finished work by 5pm?
We use the future perfect to express:
* An action carried out before a future event or action
Something will happen before another action in the future, or before a specific time in the future (tomorrow, next month, before something, by 2pm…)
You will notice that the simple present is used for the reference points:
- He will have cleaned up the house before they move in.
- She will have written the letter before tonight.
- I will have finished the job before the deadline.
- How many countries will you have visited by the time you turn 30?
- By the time he gets home, she will have cleaned the entire room.
- She will have finished this test by noon.
- Phil will have drunk ten beers by the time the party starts.
- Will she have learned enough japanese before she moves to Osaka?
* The duration of certain actions before a future date or event
- I will have known Sarah for ten years in October.
- Patrick will have lived in Sydney for 10 years by 2014.
- I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave.
- By Monday, Karl will have had my Ipod for a month.
- We will have been married for one year next month.
* The conviction that something has just happened
- There’s no point in going to the party. Everybody will have left by now. (= I’m sure everybody has left the party)
- The bus will have left by now. (= I’m sure the bus has left)
- My parents will have arrived in Bangkok by now. (I’m sure my parents have arrived in Bangkok)
⚠ We can use ‘going to’ instead of ‘will’ (same meaning)
- The bus will have left by now. = The bus is going to have left by now.
⚠ No future perfect with when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc.
We use the present perfect instead:
- I am going to play video games when
I will havefinished my homework. WRONG
- I am going to play video games when I have finished my homework. CORRECT
⚠ Current time expressions
We often use the perfect future with:
by / by the time / before / by tomorrow / at 7 o’clock / next month / until / till
- He will have retired by the end of this year.
- I will have finished that report before the deadline.
⚠ Active / passive form
- Tom will have repaired the car before the end of the week. (Active)
- The car will have been repaired by Tom before the end of the week. (Passive)