How to use the Future tense with ‘be going to’

How to use the Future tense with ‘be going to’

To download and print this free PDF course, click here.

Feel free to leave a comment if you find any errors or if you have any suggestions to make to improve this lesson.

The simple future has two different forms in English: we use either ‘will‘ or ‘be+going to‘. Although they can be used in the same way, they often have a different meaning.

With a little practice their difference will seem clearer to you. Both options refer to a specific time in the future.

In this lesson we will focus on the simple future with be + going to

To see the first part (future with Will) click here.

1/ Construction

Be + going to + verb to the present tense

 Affirmative  Negative  Question
I amhe/she/it is
we/you/they are 

I am going to …

He is going to …

You are going to …

I am not going to …

He is not going to …

You are not going to …

Am I going to …?

He is going to …?

Are you going to …?


  • (+) You are going to wash the car.
  • (?) Are you going to wash the car ?
  • (-) You are not going to wash the car.

2/ Use of ‘be going to’

* To express an intention, an activity that you want to achieve or that is already underway:

  • I’m going to spend my hollydays in Italy.
  • She’s going to text him right now about the news.
  • Tom is going to break up with his girlfriend.
  • I wonder how he’s going to tell her the news.
  • She’s going to cry when she will know that.
  • They are going to travel around Canada.
  • Who are you going to invite to the barbecue ?

* To predict future events (you can also use’will’):

  • My wife is going to have a baby.
  • Don’t worry, the plane is not going to crash.
  • Look at the sky, it’s going to rain.
  • The next Star Wars movie is going to be awesome !

3/ Notes

⚠ About to

If the action is really imminent, we can use ‘to be + about to‘.

  • I’m about to leave soon, this party is too boring.
  • He’s about to cry.
  • I just saw Natalie at the club, I’m sure she’s about to cheat on her boyfriend.
  • Open the toilets! I’m about to puke !

⚠ Adverbs such as always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc. are placed before going to: 

  • You are never going to ask him.
  • Are you ever going to ask him ?



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *