Basic grammar rules: personal pronouns (me, you, him…)
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In this lesson we will see the personal pronoun in English (subjects and complements).
1/ Subject personal pronouns (or subject pronouns)
They are used to replace a name. Practical if you don’t want to repeat it over and over again….
- he / she / it
- I like coffee.
- He is a doctor.
- She is clever.
- It doesn’t work.
- We go to school.
- Paul went to the cinema. He watched the new Star Wars. Then, he went to the restaurant. → The subject pronoun “He” therefore avoids putting “Paul” in each sentence.
⚠️ ‘I’ is always written in capital letters!
⚠️ ‘it’ is neutral and refers to objects or animals. However, sometimes we can use’he’ or’she’ to talk about a domestic animal, a boat, a motorcycle… a thing or an animal that we are close to and that we can consider as a girl or a boy.
⚠️ ‘it‘ is also used to make a comment, or to talk about time, temperature, time or distance:
- It‘s raining.
- It‘s difficult to find a job.
It is important to dress well.
- It will probably be cold tomorrow.
- Is it eight o’clock yet?
- It‘s 50 kilometres from here to London.
⚠️ We use ‘we’ to talk about ‘us’:
- We like soccer.
2/ Complementary personal pronouns (or complementary pronouns)
- It’s me, Mario !
- I told you !
- Give her a beer
- Who is it ? That’s us !
- The teacher always give them homework.
- Where’s the phone ? It’s next to him.
- She’s writing a letter to you.
- Here’s your present. Open it!
- John helped me.
⚠️ Always put the personal pronoun complement behind the verb.
⚠️ ‘I’ or ‘Me’?
- Tom and I are going to Paris in August → Why not ‘Tom and me‘ ? Because ‘I’ is part of the subject of the sentence.
- They gave the job to me. → Why not ‘I‘? Because ‘me’ is the object of the sentence.