Each, Every and all
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Each, every and all refer to the whole set of something when they are put in front of a name:
Each is usually followed by a singular name: each element of the set is considered separately, one by one.
- Each pupil has a task to prepare the school trip.
- He shook the hand of each candidate.
⚠ Each can be used after a quantity or price:
- We had five cookies each. They cost 3$ each.
Every is followed by a singular name indicates that each element is part of a set:
- Every pupil is going on the trip.
- Every room has a TV.
⚠ Every becomes everyone of + a name or additional personal pronoun.
- Everyone of us is going to have fun.
⚠ Every also expresses frequency:
- every two days
- every day
- every time
- every five minutes
The idea of recurrence is expressed with ‘every other‘:
- I take a shower every other day.
- I visit him every other week-end.
- He goes to Japan every other month.
- Every other cake is bad.
Every allows you to compose many words:
All is followed by a singular or plural name with or without a determinant. It refers to a set of elements that constitute a whole:
- All children like candies.
- All the soldiers must wear a uniform.
- All the boys were laughing.
If you want to make a negative sentence with all, you have to add not before:
- Not all our friends live in London.
All can express the duration:
- It rained all day.
- He speaks all the time.
- I spent all night looking for you.
⚠ In pronominal use, each and all are followed by of and a name or a complementary personal pronoun:
- Each of them has to bring a packed lunch.
- We are leaving: all of us are excited.