How to use ing verbs ?

How to use ing verbs ?


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In this lesson about the -ing form in English we will see its formation and use (ex: playing, living, washing…)

What is the purpose of -ing in English?

The English -ing is used for the English gerund and for the present participle. That’s why the gerund and the present participle are called “-ing form”. However, there are differences between the two. -Ing is mainly used to talk about activities.

1. Used as the subject of a sentence:

  • Flying makes me nervous.
  • Eating fast food is bad for your health.

2. Used as a complement:

  • He likes playing soccer.
  • I love watching anime.
  • I enjoy reading books.

3. Used as an adjective:

  • it’s disgusting
  • this TV program is interesting
  • it’s discouraging
  • she is boring
  • my job is tiring
  • running water

4. Used as a name:

  • a wedding
  • a painting

5. For activities:

  • swimming
  • surfing
  • fishing
  • skate-boarding
  • traveling
  • reading

6. We can use it withwith while or by :

  • I listened music while going to the supermarket
  • He reads a book while watching TV
  • You should find it by using internet

7. Used after a preposition:

  • I’m interested in teaching french to foreigners.
  • He’s good at playing video games.

8. With the progressive form of a verb :

  • present progressif => I am watching TV
  • present perfect progressive => I have been watching TV
  • past progressive => I was watching TV
  • past perfect progressive => I had been watching TV
  • futur progressive => I will be watching TV
  • futur perfect progressive => I will have been watching TV

9. After some phrasal verbs:

  • I look forward to hearing from you soon. (at the end of a letter)
  • He wants to give up smoking.

10. In compound names:

  • bird-watching
  • a swimming pool
  • a developing country
  • shaving cream
  • good looking
  • a washing machine
  • a driving lesson
  • a frying pan
  • a sleeping bag

11. After some expressions :

can’t stand, can’t help, don’t mind, it’s no use/good, be + worth:

  • He couldn’t help falling in love with her.
  • I can’t stand being late for the movie.
  • I don’t mind waiting for her.
  • It’s no use/good lying to her.
  • It might be worth visiting the park at night.

or expressions that end with a preposition:

  • There’s no point in driving to the party, the road is jammed.
  • In spite of missing the plane, she arrived on time.
  • what about having dinner now ?

12. After No… to express the prohibition:

You may have already seen those signs:

  • No smoking
  • No parking
  • No skateboarding
  • No littering

How the verb & ing is formed in English

The -ing can be added to the verbal base:

  • be => being
  • do => doing
  • want => wanting
  • ski => skiing
  • call => calling
  • read => reading
  • say => saying

Verbs that end in a silent -e- lose it if you add a -ing:

  • love => loving
  • come => coming
  • make => making
  • dance => dancing
  • dive => diving
  • have => having
  • move => moving

If the verb ends in -ie, it must be replaced by -ying:

  • die => dying
  • tie => tying
  • lie => lying

If the verb ends in consonant – vowel – consonant, and is fully accented or at the end, the end consonant must be doubled and -ing added:

  • begin => beginning
  • stop => stopping
  • sit => sitting
  • get => getting
  • plan => planning
  • run => running

If the accent is not on the end, simply add -ing:

  • happen => happening
  • listen => listening
  • open => opening
  • visit => visiting

If the verb ends in w, x or -y, we simply add -ing:

  • play => playing
  • snow => snowing
  • fix => fixing
  • spy => spying
  • spray => spraying

Beware of verbs ending in -c (there are not many of them):

  • panic => panicking
  • mimic => mimicking

 

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