List of prepositions pdf

List of prepositions (Free PDF included)


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Here is the most commonly used preposition list in English, grouped in a table to download as a free PDF with many examples. It’s up to you to memorize them!

Time prepositions

Preposition Utilisation Example
on
  • days of the week
  • on Tuesday
in
  • month / seasons
  • time of the day
  • year
  • after a certain period of time (when?)
  • in June / in summer
  • in the evening
  • in 2007
  • in an hour
at
  • for the night
  • for the week end
  • at a certain point in time (when?)
  • at night
  • at the weekend
  • at half past ten
since
  • from a certain point in time (from the past to the present)
  • since 1990
for
  • for a certain period of time (past to present)
  • for 4 years
ago
  • at some point in the past
  • 3 years ago
before
  • before a certain date
  • before 2011
to
  • tell the time
  • ten to five (4:50)
past
  • tell the time
  • ten past seven (7:10)
to / till / until
  • mark the beginning and end of a time period
  • from Monday to/till Friday
till / until
  • up to a certain point in time (duration)
  • He is on holiday until thursday.
by
  • at the latest
  • up to a certain point
  • I will be back by 4 o’clock.
  • By 10 o’clock, I had read six pages.

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Location prepositions (position and direction)

Preposition Utilisation Example
in
  • room, building, street, city, city, country
  • book, paper etc….
  • car, taxi
  • in a photo, in the world
  • in the kitchen, in Paris
  • in the book
  • in the car, in a taxi
  • in the picture, in the world
at
  • next to an object
  • at the table
  • to an event
  • a place to do something specific (cinema, study, work)
  • at the door, at the station
  • at the table
  • at a concert, at the party
  • at the cinema, at school, at work
on
  • attached
  • a place with a river
  • placed on a surface
  • for a certain side (right or left)
  • one floor
  • in public transport
  • on TV, radio….
  • the picture on the wall
  • London lies on the Thames.
  • on the table
  • on the left
  • on the first floor
  • on the bus, on a plane
  • on TV, on the radio
by, next to, beside
  • to the left or right of someone or something
  • Tom is standing by/ next to /beside the car.
under
  • on the ground, lower (or covered) by something else
  • the bag is under the table
below
  • underwater
  • the dolphins are below the surface
over
  • covered by something
  • more than….
  • go to the other side (= across)
  • overcome an obstacle
  • put a jacket over your shirt
  • over 18 years of age
  • walk over the bridge
  • climb over the wall
above
  • higher than anything else but not directly on it
  • a path above the lake
across
  • go to the other side (= over)
  • go to the opposite side
  • walk across the bridge
  • swim across the lake
through
  • something limited, surrounded on all sides
  • drive through the tunnel
to
  • movements to a specific place
  • travel to a city, country
  • go to bed
  • go to the cinema
  • go to London / Thailand
  • go to bed
into
  • enter a room/building
  • go into the kitchen / the house
towards
  • movement towards something (but not directly towards it)
  • go 6 steps towards the house
onto
  • movement at the top of something
  • jump onto the table
from
  • that comes from somewhere
  • a flower from the garden

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Other important prepositions

Preposition Utilisation Example
from
  • who gave it to him/her
  • a present from Tina
of
  • who/what it belongs to
  • what it shows
  • a page of the book
  • the picture of a castle
by
  • who did it
  • a book by Shakespeare
on
  • walking or riding a horse
  • enter public transport
  • on foot, on horseback
  • get on the bus
in
  • getting into a car/taxi
  • get in the car
off
  • getting off a plane/bus/train etc.
  • get off the train
out of
  • getting out of a car/taxi
  • get out of the taxi
by
  • decrease or increase
  • travel (other than on foot/horse)
  • prices have risen by 15 percent
  • by car, by bus, by plane
at
  • at what age
  • she learned Japanese at 45
about
  • for subjects
  • we were talking about you

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